- Schnapp v. Lefkowitz
422 NYS2d 798, 101 Misc2d 1075 (S.Ct. N.Y. County, 1979)
- "Pooper Scooper Law" does not violate religious freedom despite fact
that Orthodox Jews may not pick up litter on Sabbath.
- In Re: Anchor Motor Freight Inc.
119 A.D. 2d 672, 500 N.Y.S. 2d 800 (Second Dept. 1986)
- Court upheld finding by NYS Division of Human Rights that
Defendant had violated an executive law regarding employee's
- Wachtel v. Metropolitan Life Insurance Co.
141 Misc. 2d 665, 534 N.Y.S. 2d 72 (Nassau County 1988)
- Insurance company must pay for manual wheelchair for Sabbath
observant woman. Policy term "medically necessary" is ambiguous
and Defendant cannot prove it isn't medically necessary.
- Smith v. Board of Education, North Babylon Union Free School District
844 F. 2d 90 (2nd Cir. 1988)
- Orthodox Jewish student sued to keep school from scheduling his
High School graduation on Saturday. Held, not a violation of his
free exercise of religion as long as attending graduation isn't a
pre-requisite for getting a diploma.
- Whitney v. Brown
882 F. 2d 1068 (Sixth Cir. 1989)
- Prison policy prohibiting Jewish inmates from inter-complex travel
to Sabbath services was unconstitutional
- Fine v. Commissioner of Department of Consumer Affairs of the City of New York
168 A.D. 2d 285, 562 N.Y.S. 2d 511 (First Dept. 1990)
- Court dismissed suit of a Sabbath observant process server; held,
employee was not being forced to observe the Sunday Sabbath and was
were not being forced to work on a Saturday Sabbath.
- Ackerman v. National Railroad Passenger Corp. AAMTRAK@
772 F. Supp 579 (S.D.Fla. 1990)
- AMTRAK tried to make reasonable accommodations but its hands
were tied due to their collective bargaining agreements and
the seniority of other employees. In addition, Plaintiff hid
from AMTRAK in all his interviews that he was Sabbath observant
and made employer feel that he could do the job even though it
required availability 365 days per year.
- Greenfield v. City of Miami Beach, Florida
844 F. Supp 1519 (S.D.Fla 1992)
- No prima facie case of discrimination; Complaint dismissed.
- Heller v. Ebb Auto Co.
8 F. 3d 1433 (9th Cir. 1993)
- Where Employer did not reasonably accommodate employee's need to
attend conversion ceremony for wife and children, which the court
compared to need to accommodate Sabbath observance, held, there was
- Sable v. Stickney
1993 WL 267337 (S.D.N.Y. 1993)
- No discrimination found where employee's supervisor had attempted
accommodation and where he had fired four other non-Jews.
- Shapiro-Gordon v. MCI Telecommunications Co.
810 F. Supp 574 (S.D.N.Y. 1993)
Prev Hist: 791 F. Supp 431 (S.D.N.Y. 1992)
- No evidence that Plaintiff was not hired due to Sabbath observance;
Plaintiff voluntarily declined the accommodation offer.
- Siegel v. Blair Hall, Inc.
207 A.D. 2d 539, 615 N.Y.S. 2d 937 (Second Dept. 1994)
- Ct held that although electric locks installed in a residential
apartment building burdened Observant residents it did not
violate their civil rights because they were installed to deter
crime and not to discriminate.
- Moscowitz v. Brown
850 F. Supp 1185 (S.D.N.Y. 1994)
- Summary judgment granted Defendant; official policy of NYC Police
is to recruit and accommodate the Sabbath observant;
- Luxemburg v. Texas A & M University System
863 F. Supp 412 (S.D.Tex. 1994)
- Plaintiff did not prove prima facie case; summary judgment
granted for Defendant.
- Fruchter v. Sussei
1996 WL 640896 (S.D.N.Y.) Prev Hist: 1995 WL 274457 (S.D.N.Y.)
- Defendant's motion to dismiss/summary judgement denied because
there were issues of material fact regarding claims of religious
discrimination to decide particularly with regard to Sabbath
- Adelman v. Dunmire
1997 WL 164240 (E.D. Pa.) previous history: 1996 WL 914743 (E.D.Pa.)
- Motion to dismiss order in divorce hearing based on ADA and
Sabbath claim on whether ct. accommodated P. On appeal, held
that it was not material to case so not reviewable.